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Type: Artigo de Periódico
Title: Prolonged toilet training in children with Down syndrome: a case-control study
Author: Mrad, Flávia Cristina de Carvalho
Figueiredo, André Avarese de
Bessa Junior, José de
Bastos Netto, José Murillo
Resumo: -
Abstract: Objectives Children with Down syndrome have delayed psychomotor development, which is a factor that influences the level of difficulty in toilet training. The current study aims to estimate the age toilet training starts and completes in children with DS compared to children with normal psychomotor development and to evaluate the method and type of toilet training most frequently used, as well as its association with lower urinary tract symptoms and functional constipation. Methods A case-control study was carried out from 2010 to 2015. All parents completed a questionnaire designed to assess the toilet training process. Lower urinary tract symptoms were assessed through the application of the Dysfunctional Voiding Symptom Score. The presence of functional constipation was assessed according to the Rome III criteria. Results The study included 93 children with Down syndrome and 204 children with normal psychomotor development (control group [CG]). The mean age of toilet training onset was 22.8 months in those with DS and 17.5 months in the CG (p = 0.001). In children with DS, the mean age when completing toilet training was 56.2 months and 27.1 months in the CG (p = 0.001). Among children with DS, females completed toilet training earlier (p = 0.02). The toilet training method used most often was child-oriented approach in both groups. No association was observed with the presence of lower urinary tract symptoms or functional constipation and the age of beginning and completing toilet training in both groups. Conclusion Children with Down syndrome experienced prolonged toilet training time. Prospective longitudinal studies are essential to gain insight into the toilet training of these children.
Keywords: Children
Down syndrome
Functional constipation
Lower urinary tract symptoms
Toilet training
CNPq: -
Language: eng
Country: Brasil
Publisher: -
Institution Initials: -
Access Type: Acesso Aberto
Issue Date: May-2018
Appears in Collections:Artigos de Periódicos

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